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Kode ECO A00-E99, Identifikasi Dan Klasifikasi Opening Catur

Dalam literatur catur (cetak) dan database catur (software) kita sering melihat kode Opening yang disebut dengan kode ECO yang menyertai identitas partai. Beberapa kali saya ditanya oleh teman-teman catur tentang kode-kode opening ini. Misalnya ada D17 (Pembelaan Slavia), B76 (Pembelaan Sisilia Varian Naga) dan seterusnya.

Kode ECO ini pertama kali dipopulerkan oleh penerbit buku Chess Informant (yang menerbitkan buku Informator) pada tahun 1996. Kode dimulai dari A00, A01, A02, dan seterunya sampai E99. Penerbit ini mempublikasikan buku yang sampai saat ini dipakai sebagai induknya kitab opening dengan Seri ECO (Encyclopedia Chess Opening) sebanyak 5 buku dan 1 buku ringkasan yang berjudul Small ECO. Tentu lebih mudah menghapal kode semacam ini daripada harus menghapal nama opening + variant + sub variantnya yang panjang-panjang.

Bagi teman-teman yang belum mengetahui kode ini secara lengkap berikut kode ECO yang dimaksud sebagai bahan referensi kita semua :

* A00 Irregular Openings (includes Anderssen's Opening, Amar Opening, Barnes Opening, Benko's Opening, Clemenz Opening, Desprez Opening, Dunst Opening, Durkin Opening, Grob's Attack, Mieses Opening, Saragossa Opening, Sokolsky Opening, Van 't Kruijs Opening, and Ware Opening)
* A01 Larsen's Opening
* A02 Bird's Opening
* A03 Bird's Opening, 1...d5
* A04 Réti Opening
* A05 Reti Opening, 2...Nf6
* A06 Reti Opening, 2...d5
* A07 Reti Opening, King's Indian attack (Barcza system)
* A08 Reti Opening, King's Indian attack
* A09 Reti Opening, 2...d5 3.c4
* A10 English Opening
* A11 English, Caro-Kann defensive system
* A12 English, Caro-Kann defensive system
* A13 English Opening
* A14 English, Neo-Catalan declined
* A15 English, 1...Nf6 (Anglo-Indian defence)
* A16 English Opening
* A17 English Opening, Hedgehog Defence
* A18 English, Mikenas-Carls variation
* A19 English, Mikenas-Carls, Sicilian variation
* A20 English Opening
* A21 English Opening
* A22 English Opening
* A23 English Opening, Bremen system, Keres variation
* A24 English Opening, Bremen system with 3...g6
* A25 English Opening, Sicilian Reversed
* A26 English Opening, Closed system
* A27 English Opening, Three knights system
* A28 English Opening, Four knights system
* A29 English Opening, Four knights, kingside Fianchetto
* A30 English Opening, Symmetrical variation
* A31 English Opening, Symmetrical, Benoni formation
* A32 English Opening, Symmetrical
* A33 English Opening, Symmetrical
* A34 English Opening, Symmetrical
* A35 English Opening, Symmetrical
* A36 English Opening, Symmetrical
* A37 English Opening, Symmetrical
* A38 English Opening, Symmetrical
* A39 English Opening, Symmetrical, Main line with d4
* A40 Queen's Pawn Game (including English Defence, Englund Gambit, Queen's Knight Defence, Polish Defence and Keres Defence)
* A41 Queen's Pawn Game, Wade Defence
* A42 Modern defence, Averbakh system also Wade Defence
* A43 Old Benoni defence
* A44 Old Benoni defence
* A45 Queen's Pawn Game
* A46 Queen's Pawn Game
* A47 Queen's Indian Defence
* A48 King's Indian, East Indian defence
* A49 King's Indian, Fianchetto without c4
* A50 Queen's Pawn Game, Black Knights' Tango
* A51 Budapest Defence declined
* A52 Budapest defence
* A53 Old Indian Defence
* A54 Old Indian, Ukrainian variation
* A55 Old Indian, Main line
* A56 Benoni Defence
* A57 Benko gambit
* A58 Benko gambit accepted
* A59 Benko gambit, 7.e4
* A60 Benoni defence
* A61 Benoni defence
* A62 Benoni, Fianchetto variation
* A63 Benoni, Fianchetto variation, 9...Nbd7
* A64 Benoni, Fianchetto variation, 11...Re8
* A65 Benoni, 6.e4
* A66 Benoni, pawn storm variation
* A67 Benoni, Taimanov variation
* A68 Benoni, Four pawns attack
* A69 Benoni, Four pawns attack, Main line
* A70 Benoni, Classical with e4 and Nf3
* A71 Benoni, Classical, 8.Bg5
* A72 Benoni, Classical without 9.O-O
* A73 Benoni, Classical, 9.O-O
* A74 Benoni, Classical, 9...a6, 10.a4
* A75 Benoni, Classical with ...a6 and 10...Bg4
* A76 Benoni, Classical, 9...Re8
* A77 Benoni, Classical, 9...Re8, 10.Nd2
* A78 Benoni, Classical with ...Re8 and ...Na6
* A79 Benoni, Classical, 11.f3
* A80 Dutch Defence
* A81 Dutch defence
* A82 Dutch, Staunton gambit, also includes Balogh Defence
* A83 Dutch, Staunton gambit, Staunton's line
* A84 Dutch defence
* A85 Dutch with 2.c4 & 3.Nc3
* A86 Dutch with 2.c4 & 3.g3
* A87 Dutch, Leningrad, Main variation
* A88 Dutch, Leningrad, Main variation with 7...c6
* A89 Dutch, Leningrad, Main variation with Nc6
* A90 Dutch defence
* A91 Dutch defence
* A92 Dutch defence
* A93 Dutch, Stonewall, Botwinnik variation
* A94 Dutch, Stonewall with Ba3
* A95 Dutch, Stonewall with Nc3
* A96 Dutch, Classical variation
* A97 Dutch, Ilyin-Genevsky variation
* A98 Dutch, Ilyin-Genevsky variation with Qc2
* A99 Dutch, Ilyin-Genevsky variation with b3
dan seterunya....

lebih lengkapnya silakan ke alamat :
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_chess_openings

atau:
http://www.chessarch.com/library/0000_eco/index.shtml

atau:
http://www.geocities.com/siliconvalley/lab/7378/eco.htm

Wah kodenya banyak skali ya. Bingung nggak?...

GENS UNA SUMUS.

 
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